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Easy Guide to the Adoption Process

Adoption Process

Initial Information

Adopting a child is a lot more involved than shopping for groceries or picking the child out of a line up and taking him or her home. On the contrary, child adoption may often be a painstaking, time-consuming process that will prove even more difficult in cases where both prospective parents work outside the home.

Before the process formally begins, much research must be conducted on the part of the willing couple so that they may approach adoption with a coordinated plan of attack. Early on in preparations, future adopters will want to know where they stand with regard to State statutes and which central authority has jurisdiction over their claim.

Upon receipt of this knowledge, the adopting party should contact the governing body to find out more information and also review any published information by this entity.

In fact, reading will be a critical part of the pre-adoption phase. Adoptive parents will want to go over pamphlets and other literature from licensed adoption agencies.

Home Study

A home study is a formal assessment of a prospective adoptive family and their domicile concerning their collective capacity to provide a nurturing environment for an adoptee. It is conducted by an appointed, licensed social worker or caseworker at the behest of a public foster care service or a private provider of placement services.

Those overseeing a particular case will be looking for a number of things on their checklist that could potentially make a family ineligible to adopt. Structural problems with the house and intended child's room, susceptibility to disease, neglect or abuse, absence of an emergency plan, overall disarray, perceived applicant apathy, and lack of a solid justification for adoption may all potentially limit a client. However, with preparation, organization and honesty, most applicants will be in good shape.

Home studies will be mandatory for both domestic and international adoptions.

Placement

Though a substantial number of children are placed in foster care because they were abandoned by their parents or made orphans, some birth mothers choose to put their children up for adoption.

Finalization

Finalization of a child's adoption requires more than just a verbal acknowledgment on the part of the willing birth mother. To ensure the legally binding transfer of custodial rights from birth parents to custodial parents, finalization of adoption must transpire in front of a presiding judge with authority to confer said rights.

Surely, prior to a finalization hearing, the participating agency that orchestrated the adoption process (and by proxy, their clients) had to administer their services according to the letter of the law.

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